Gestational diabetes is a condition marked by high blood glucose (sugar) levels during pregnancy. It occurs because the body does not produce enough insulin, a hormone which controls blood sugar level. During pregnancy, the placenta produces a number of hormones, some of which may impair the production and function of insulin.
Any pregnancy complication is concerning but the good news is expectant mothers can help control gestational diabetes by eating healthy foods, exercising and, if necessary, taking medication. Controlling blood sugar can prevent a difficult birth and keep you and your baby healthy.
If you develop gestational diabetes, you may need more-frequent checkups. These are most likely to occur during the last three months of pregnancy where your blood sugar level will be monitored.
You might be referred to additional health professionals who specialize in diabetes, such as an endocrinologist and or a registered dietician. They can help you learn to manage your blood sugar level during your pregnancy.